Today we live in a world where we cannot imagine our life without smartphones and mobile applications.
These devices have brought the world to our fingers and have made our life a lot easier than it was even a decade ago. From ordering food, booking travel tickets and hotel rooms, tracking stocks, watching and reading the news to connecting us with our loved ones, we can do everything on these phones.
Mobile Applications are the real deal behind these smartphones. They make smartphones useful and an essential part of our daily life. And as a result, Mobile Application Development is an important upcoming field today.
Mobile Application Development deals with the process of developing ‘apps’ for mobile phones, personal digital assistant and enterprise digital assistants. The apps can be pre-installed on the device or they can be downloaded from an ‘app store’ where they are available.
Mobile application development is a set of procedures and strategies associated with computer programming for small, wireless gadgets.
Like Web application development, mobile application development has its underlying foundations in increasingly conventional programming development.
One basic distinction, nonetheless, is that mobile applications are frequently composed explicitly to exploit the exceptional advantages that a specific mobile gadget offers.
For example, a gaming application may be composed to exploit the iPhone’s accelerometer or a mobile health care application may be composed to exploit a smartwatch’s temperature sensor.
Android Application development is the procedure by which new applications are made for gadgets running on the Android operating system.
Google states that “Android applications can be composed utilizing Kotlin, Java, and C++ dialects” utilizing the Android application development kit (SDK), while utilizing different computer languages is also possible.
A few languages/programming tools permit cross-platform app support, i.e. for both Android and iOS support.
Third party tools, development environment and language support have likewise kept on advancing and grow since the initial SDK was made available in 2008.
Meanwhile, there is another operating system, which is also important and having the second largest market share after Android, the iOS developed by Apple Inc. It is used for all Apple mobile devices like the iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, etc.
The difference between Android and iOS App development is that both of the operating systems are programmed using different languages. Apple uses languages like Objective C and the relatively new programming language Swift.
The quality of research and development going into these apps is increasing and the apps are becoming more user-friendly. As a result of this research and development, the relevance of apps in our daily lives is set to increase.
The number of smartphone users is increasing around the world. The number of smartphone users in China in the year 2018 was estimated to be 1.3 billion people. In India itself there 530 million smartphone users in 2018.
According to a new study by Zenith, a US-based media company, global smartphone ownership will continue to expand in 2018. The agency said that 66 percent of individuals in 52 countries will own a smartphone in 2018 – up from 63 per cent in 2017.
Forecasts predict that by 2022, there will be 5.5 Billion smartphone users worldwide.
In India, over the last five years, smartphone penetration has risen from 21.2% to 39% in the first quarter of 2019.
As the global penetration of smartphones is on the rise, they have yielded a huge power to transform each and every sector.
Lets see the example of few sectors:
1. The banking and finance sector
Many banks have now introduced their own online banking applications. The functions of these apps vary from net banking to online UPI payments. As a result of these apps, the number of online transactions that take place worldwide has increased manifold.
Apart from apps for individual banks, there are private online payment apps such as PayPal, PayTM, Freecharge, etc. These have made online payments easier and thus penetrated the population.
There are various apps that deal with stock markets, such as the stocks app on the iPhone. Such apps have made the stock market more accessible to the common populace.
2. Agriculture sector
There are various apps that deal with agriculture. Ranging from weather prediction to finding the best type of fertilizers or the best seeds.
These apps have made farmers lives easier. Now they can access markets, trade their products and get the best material at lesser prices because of these apps.
3. Health care
The mobile healthcare industry is flourishing. These apps have made people more aware of their bodies and prompt them to take better care of their health.
Such apps help people regulate their diet, remind them of their appointments, automatically order their medicines and find and book appointments with doctors.
These apps have saved many lives and continue to do so as they evolve and expand their reach.
As we have seen that smartphones have the capability to transform any sector, the demand for mobile application developers is increasing. A degree in BCA in mobile applications equips students with the required skill set to develop apps.
A career in mobile application development is the right choice for you if you are attracted to the world of software programming. This industry is flourishing and is set to grow over the years, making you the desired employee and also enables you to start your own business.
Sir Padampat Singhania University Udaipur, Rajasthan is one such an institution that offers the full-fledged exposure for BCA in Mobile Applications. Registering yourself with SPSU will open the door for seamless personality development alongside empirical experiences to scale up in this competitive era of technology.