With the entrance exams finally behind them, students wishing to pursue engineering are faced with the recurring dilemma of which subject area to choose for their future academics. There are thousands of universities providing diversified courses complicating the already complex process of decision making. Do not worry! To get you out of this predicament here I present to you some of the most influential and upcoming fields of study that you can consider before you decide your engineering stream.
Mechanical engineering is one of the core streams of engineering education which never goes out of style. It has one of the broadest scopes especially in terms of growth and earning. It impacts the maximum number of fields which leaves the students with no shortage of options to choose from. Mechanical engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with designing, developing and testing of mechanical or thermal devices. Therefore, besides possessing the theoretical knowledge and a passion for machinery, an aspirant must also have analytical abilities as well as a creative streak.
In terms of future scope, mechanical engineers constitute 17.28% of the entire engineering workforce, which is the largest discipline out of all the engineering fields. The projected growth in this branch is 5% over the next decade. Depending upon your experience and skill set, the salary for a mechanical engineer can be anywhere between 5 lakhs to 20 lakhs per annum.
While choosing mechanical engineering course make sure the institute makes you eligible not only for employment as a practicing engineer but also prepares you to progress through advanced degrees or certificate programs. Before stepping into the field you should be made well aware of the constraints which arise while turning the desired needs into practical models. Choose an institute that caters to all these specific needs.
Computer Science and Engineering:
Due to the revolution in the technological world in the last two decades, computers currently hold an imperative position in the lives of humans. If you are not associated with computer technology in any way, shape or form you are probably living under a rock. The dawn of the digital age has resulted in the demand for a workforce that can cater to the various demands raised by these machines and gadgets.
The course in Computer Science and Engineering integrates the fields of computer engineering and computer science and offers comprehensive knowledge of operating systems. This field emphasizes computation technology. The curriculum is designed to provide the students with the theoretical foundation of I.T., its computation, implementation, and application in computer systems.
After completing CSE, one can pursue higher education in specialized domains like Artificial Intelligence, Data Mining, Machine Learning, etc. Alternatively, those wishing to dive straight first into the service sector can work as a Software Engineer, Developer, Programmer, Operator or Administrator. These are only a handful of future prospects for computer engineers. Students who hold a degree in CSE have opportunities to make a career in not only the private sector but also in the public sector. The average salary for a recent graduate can be anywhere between 2 to 3 lakhs per annum.
Biotechnology or popularly known as Biotech has made its mark in the education sector due to the rapid growth taking place in this field. This stream provides the students with the aggregated knowledge of different streams like engineering, chemistry, genetics and microbiology.
It involves inventing new products by utilizing the power generated by biological processes. It grants its students a combined knowledge of Mathematics, Applied Sciences, Computer Applications, Engineering, Genetics, and Agriculture. It allows students to conduct pioneering research in various fields like genetic engineering, cell and tissue culture and also hybridization.
Since this field is relatively unexplored, the demand for biotech experts is increasing by the passing day. The biotech sector in India itself is expected to grow by around 30% by the year 2025. Students who are endowed with a keen interest in biological sciences along with patience and problem-solving capacity can choose this stream as their field of study.
A number of institutes are emerging in India that offers relevant courses. SPSU is one of the coveted universities in India which has introduced a detailed course for the study of biotechnology. The Institute exposes the students to current research trends which allows them to pursue a career in research if they so wish. If you feel, that you have the zeal to make a career into Bio-Technology with SPSU, please click here.
After obtaining this degree one can work in the fields of Environment, Agriculture, Food Sciences, Medicine, Forensic Sciences, Bioinformatics, and Health Care. The average salary of a beginner is 2.5 lakhs per annum which increases with the experience in the relevant field.
Cloud Technology and Information Security:
Cloud Technology and Information Security is an emerging engineering field. Cloud Technology is becoming favoured mostly because it provides its users with flexibility, efficiency and is comparatively hassle-free. Consequently, it has opened up new domains of exploration and research.
Cloud computing as a technology is well-received mostly because it appeals not only to business organizations but also to the average smartphone user. It is used to deliver personalized information, provide data storage, power large immersive online computer games, etc.
The course involves educating candidates about internet-based computing services. It trains the students to make the services of the cloud available at the click of a button. The course is designed around the techniques and methods for internet-based cloud computing.
Along with cloud computing, it is important for students to understand the principles of information security. Many organizations around the world have been the victims of data theft which displays the importance of Information Security. In this age of cut-throat competition, it truly has become necessary for businesses to safeguard the assets in use as well as to protect the data which is collected and used by the organization.
The interest in the cloud computing industry is growing by leaps and bounds in India. According to the statistics provided by Market Research Media, the worldwide market for cloud computing will grow by 30% CAGR by 2020. There are multiple avenues for a graduate to work in after completing their graduation in cloud computing. One can work as a Cloud Architect, Cloud Product Manager, Cloud Consultant or even in the hybrid position of DevOps.
An ideal course for cloud computing should make sure that the students understand the principles of Cloud Technology, Virtualization, and Information Security. The students should gain in-depth knowledge about Cryptography, Linux Administration, Cyber Forensics and Cloud Web services. The students should be briefed about common cloud services, basic technologies involved, the history of the cloud and its roots in a service-oriented architecture.
Students should be given the exposure they require to implement the classroom theories in practical life. SPSU provides its students with the opportunity to work with ValuerHR to work on their live projects in HANA Cloud Platform, Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things and other Web Applications.
Those wishing for a career in cloud computing and information security must possess exceptional I.T. and programming skills. They should learn the basics of computer science with subjects such as C Programming, Data Structures, Computer Architecture, and Network Security. The starting salary for a person with a B.Tech in Cloud Computing and Information Security lies anywhere between 2-6 lakhs per annum.
Rail Transport Engineering:
Railway projects are developing and expanding at an alarming rate, with new ventures coming up not only in India but in other countries as well. The global rail industry is expected to grow at a rate of 2.6% by 2021. Since the railways are economical modes of transportation not only for passengers but for goods as well, they are preferred across the globe.
The course in Railway Engineering is an amalgam of the suitable topics from the different fields of engineering like civil, mechanical, electrical and computer science which are relevant for a rail transport engineer. It provides students with a base in the fundamentals of engineering mechanics and at the same time also focuses on implementing modern technology for convenience.
The introduction of high-speed trains and multiple metro projects provides an ample amount of opportunities for students who wish to take up this field of study. The field of railway engineering is unique, intriguing, secure and future-oriented. It grants its students favorable prospects to venture into an undiscovered area of opportunities.
There are chances to work as Railway Engineers, Technicians and Project Managers. There are also options to undertake entrepreneurial ventures to supply the existing railway systems. Beyond the borders of the conventional courses, there is the chance to do something unique and unconventional. Railway Engineers have the scope to work in the R&D sector to come up with ways which can make the global railways more dynamic and efficient.
Some of the pioneering universities have included this course in their academics and play an important role in furnishing the students with the necessary skills by giving them theory knowledge along with practice and hands-on experience.
One such leading institute is Sir Padampat Singhania University situated in Udaipur which provides its students with a strong theoretical base and at the same time gives them an opportunity to work with Hitachi Rail Systems in Japan to understand the industrial aspects of the intellectual knowledge. If you have the thirst to excel into Railway Engineering and that too with a renowned university like SPSU, register now.
Ultimately for students who wish to make a future in engineering by pursuing the degree of Bachelors in Technology, there are a number of routes that they can opt for. However, while choosing your route, select the one which fulfils your needs but at the same time also prepares you for the future.