Civil Engineering : Civil Engineering is one of the highly explored career options among engineering students in India, as it is one of the most promising and lucrative engineering specializations. In India, the job profile of a civil engineer varies from planning, implementation, and designing of a wide range of structural activities to many more.
To define the future prospects for fresh civil engineering graduates in India, promising career opportunities can be expected in the construction, energy, and power sector. Some popular areas include consulting firms, railways, defense force, and municipal corporations.
There are civil engineering jobs that involve supervision, construction, design and analysis of public projects such as dams, highways, canals, water sewages and bridges as well as private projects. The profession demands excellent skills for the administration and supervision of projects. Excellence and responsibility are important factors associated with the job.
In the highly competitive 21st century, civil engineers should possess the proper training, education, and experience. Even the fresh graduates must use their knowledge to grow and foster successful careers in the public and private sectors. The aspirants need to have a solid grasp of the necessary skills and competencies that are vital for a successful and bright career.
Let us now study in detail about the essential qualities and skills to be mastered by the civil engineering graduates.
Technical Training :
The necessary foundation for any engineering career, especially in the field of civil engineering, is an understanding and working knowledge of science. It includes physics, chemistry, biology, and computer science. Students opting for a career in the civil engineering field have the upper hand, as the formal training they receive in their undergraduate education helps them to lay a strong foundation for the required technical training. Some of the states have also mandated that civil engineers obtain a Professional Engineer’s License (PE), especially when working with the public.
Mathematical Skills :
The core principles of mathematics are highly applicable to the regular duties and routine activities of a civil engineer. To succeed as a civil engineer, students need to have a thorough understanding of algebra, calculus, and trigonometry. In some specializations, such as transportation engineering and water resources engineering, basic knowledge and understanding of statistics is a plus. This is why students should learn and master these basic mathematical skills during their high school to be able to perform and deliver better results in order to succeed in their career.
Written and Oral Communication Skills :
Civil engineers at every level, from technicians to project managers need to be able to communicate via written reports and correspondence clearly and concisely. Often, civil engineers deal with other professionals of various backgrounds such as architects, urban planners, regional planners, and other technicians and tradespeople. This varied communication requires that civil engineers must be able to write efficiently and understandably for their audience.
Whereas, oral communication skills are another critical asset for future civil engineers. This includes being able to listen to clients, officials, team members, and other skilled workers to understand their concerns and requests effectively. Strong verbal skills are also necessary for civil engineers while explaining intricate technical details to the people they work with, in a concise manner so that they can easily comprehend the information being shared.
Organizational and Leadership Skills :
One of the primary duties of a licensed civil engineer is to monitor and evaluate the progress of work being completed at a job site, and ensure that staff are working in compliance with the design, project plans, and other necessary rules and regulations. Licensed engineers are also responsible for signing design documents for infrastructure projects. They must be able to organize project information effectively, manage the team, and allocate resources wherever and whenever necessary. It is also essential that civil engineers possess significant leadership skills when overseeing planners, technicians, technologists, and contractors. It usually involves being able to plan and prioritize, time management, delegating duties when necessary, making decisions with confidence and authority, and motivating members of the team.
Decision-Making and Problem-Solving Skills :
While working as a project manager, civil engineers will have to consider and evaluate various information, conflicting goals from multiple parties involved, professional ethics, other responsibilities, and safety concerns while making decisions. They need to have self-confidence and encourage their team to provide accurate and useful information to make decisions that are clear and effective.
Analytical skills are vital for civil engineers. During different stages of a project, such as planning and construction, engineers will encounter several variables that would influence the outcome of a project. This is why engineers need to harness their skills, education, and experience to find the most cost-effective solutions to the issues while keeping the project on track.
As the technology evolves and the needs of growing populations change, civil engineers also need to ensure they continually strengthen their existing skills and spend time honing and developing them. Each new skill civil engineers master could help them land their dream job, or rise the ranks in their existing organization. Therefore, the aspiring civil engineers need to start their learning process from a good university that provides and enhances the knowledge and skillsets of the students.
Sir Padampat Singhania University, Udaipur, established by JK Cement Ltd, is one of the best private engineering colleges of Rajasthan offering quality education, learning and development to the engineering students through paid internships and final placements in the top companies of India and abroad at high salary packages.
SPSU also organizes various seminars, training sessions, role plays, workshops etc. regularly along with giving an insight into the practical world and providing an overall learning experience to the students. SPSU helps in the overall development of the students through regular industry exposure and a perfect mix of theoretical and practical aspects being followed in the curriculum making itself listed among one of the top ten engineering colleges in Udaipur.